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Let us be clear that web design is not synonymous with software design.

The designs exhibited on websites are referred to as web designing.

The primary goal of a web design job is to improve the user experience.


Every other web design blog will tell you to do things like learning coding, programming, web development, and server management.

Becoming a web designer doesn’t have to be this difficult.

Instead, I’m going to share a simple 9-step process with you.

This process will get you prepped to become a web designer or even start your own web design business in no time at all.

What is web design?

According to the Interaction Design Foundation: Web design refers to the design of websites that are displayed on the internet.

It usually refers to the user experience aspects of website development rather than software development.

Web design used to be focused on designing websites for desktop browsers; however, since the mid-2010s, design for mobile and tablet browsers has become ever-increasingly important.

Cartoon web design background
Cartoon web design background

A good web designer understands the significance of each piece of a design.

They make choices on a granular level, styling each element, while never losing sight of how the elements will come together and function in delivering on the design’s greater goals.

Two of the most common methods for designing websites that work well both on desktop and mobile are responsive and adaptive design. 

In responsive design, content moves dynamically depending on screen size.

In adaptive design, the website content is fixed in layout sizes that match common screen sizes.

How to learn web design:( in the 6 step process)

1- Learn about typography


Typography, in its most basic form, is the skill of arranging letters and words in such a way that the material is legible, clear, and visually appealing to the reader.

Typography is the use of font style, look, and structure to evoke various emotions and deliver specific messages.

Fonts can impart different tones or emotions as well as affect readability.

If you’re learning about web design, knowing how to use typography is essential.

Here are three basic typographic concepts you should know.


The first serif typefaces were inspired by traditional calligraphy, and are called Humanist or Old Style.

This style is characterized by smooth and rounded forms and slight weight variations.


Sans Serif

Sans serif typefaces became popular in the 20th century, and they also had a calligraphic influence, so we call them Humanist as well. We can observe a slight weight variation and an overall warm vibe.


if you are interested to learn more and deep about Typography check this post: Typography design 101: a guide to rules and terms, written by 99design.

2-Learn the foundations of UX and UI


Simply described, a user interface (UI) is everything with which a person interacts when using a digital product or service.

Screens and touchscreens, keyboards, noises, and even lighting are all examples of this.

To understand the evolution of UI, however, it’s helpful to learn a bit more about its history and how it has evolved into best practices and a profession.

As a result of UI advancements, user experience, or UX, has evolved.

Once there was something for users to interact with, their experience, whether favorable, negative, or neutral, influenced how they felt about those interactions.

Here is The UX design process you’ll need to know.


Some teams refer to this as Understanding or Exploring, but truthfully this initial stage of the UX design process is all about user research.

It’s about getting to know the project, the people, and the context that surrounds them both.


2. The dance of requirements

It’s only logical that as the design team starts to understand what the main problem is, the factors at play, and how it all affects users, they start to grasp the requirements of the solution. 

Gathering requirements is another way in which we translate the UX research into concrete aspects the solution will need.


3. Ideation

At this point in the UX design process, the design team knows who they’re designing for, what the problem is, and what the solution needs to do.

Now that the context in which the solution will act is also clear, the team can start to imagine what it will look like and do.

This is the time when UX design tools play a huge part.


4. Testing, testing and testing

Some argue that testing a low-fidelity wireframe causes more harm than good, as users are less likely to act realistically when all they see are boxes and lorem ipsum.

Others believe that seeing how users react to the wireframe is extremely valuable, particularly when it comes to critical pillars such as the information architecture and primary navigation system.

While both sides have merit, most teams fall somewhere in the middle, conducting testing on wireframes but taking the results with a grain of salt.



The final stage of the UX design process can be perplexing to newcomers to the field, primarily because it is not always the end of a linear process.

It is, after all, just one step in a cycle.

Most experienced designers will tell you that a product goes through several waves of testing and design before it is finished.

Designers create prototypes and come up with new ideas.

The design is put to the test, and the results show that making changes to the design necessitates more testing to ensure that everything is working properly.

3. Know the basics of HTML

The hypertext markup language (HTML) specifies how a website’s content, images, navigation, and other elements should appear in a user’s web browser.

Even if you’re using a visual-based design platform like Webflow, it helps to have some understanding of how HTML works.

HTML tags are the commands that a browser uses to build a website. These tags are in charge of headings, paragraphs, links, and images.

You’ll want to understand how header tags like H1, H2, and H3 are used to organize content.

Header tags are important in how web crawlers classify a design and how they appear in organic search rankings, in addition to affecting layout structure

w3school is the perfect website to learn HTML and other programming languages for free

w3school-screen-shote to learn web design

4. learn css

screensohot from w3shool website to learn web design
learn-css at w3school

CSS (or cascading style sheets) is a set of instructions for styling and modifying the appearance of HTML elements.

CSS allows you to do things like apply fonts, add padding, set alignment, choose colors, and even create grids.

Understanding CSS will enable you to create unique-looking websites and customize existing templates

5. Learn the fundamentals of visual design.


A line is a shape formed by connecting two or more points. It can be fat, thin, wavy, or jagged, and each option gives the line a slightly distinct feel.

The line is an energy force that can divide, penetrate, enclose, or otherwise define a space

It can convey not only shape, but also stability, movement, action, and direction.

Lines fall into several categories, with each performing a particular function in relation to the space around it.

The dominant lines are those that direct motion, force, opposition, or shape.

It is these physical lines that are considered elements, whether they are created with a single mark or by grouping units together

A line that encloses a space becomes a powerful structure.

The energy of the confined space creates strong outward tension on the line.

external energy forced  (learn web design

While the external space exerts a weaker, but opposing tension.

learn web design

Lines are commonly used in the design, for example, in drawings and illustrations, as well as graphic components such as textures and patterns.

They’re also commonly used in text compositions to add emphasis, divide or arrange content, and even guide the viewer’s attention.

When working with lines, consider factors such as weight, color, texture, and style.

Each letter relies for support on the energy forces created by its design.

Fully exposed letters rely on external space for support, while letters with fully or partially enclosed counters are supported by space both inside and outside the letterform.

These small characteristics can have a significant impact on how your design is regarded look for spots.

Where lines are hiding in plain sight for example in a text even here experimenting with different line qualities can give you very different results.


Is any two-dimensional area with a recognized border, such as a circle, square, or triangle. Shapes are classified into two types.

Geometric or regular shapes, as well as organic shapes with more free form.

Shapes are an important aspect of communicating ideas since they visually give things substance and make them recognized.

We understand street signs, symbols, and even abstract art in large part because of shapes.

They can help you arrange or separate content and have a surprising amount of purposes in everyday design. Create simple illustrations.

or simply to spice up your job.

external energy forced
external energy forced

 Shapes are significant because they serve as the foundation for so many things

Learn to look for them in other designs, and you’ll soon notice that they’re everywhere.

when a shape becomes 3d, we call it a form.

Graphic Design Fundamentals

Three-dimensional forms can occur in the real world. They can also be implied by the use of methods such as light shadow and perspective to give the appearance of depth.


allows for realism in two-dimensional design. A three-dimensional structure is simply a succession of rectangles.

Flat designs, too, use subtle ways to suggest form and depth.

The function of form in everyday compositions is the same but on a smaller scale.

For example, a simple shadow might create the appearance of layering or give an object a sense of place.

Basic forms may provide a touch of reality to your work and are a powerful tool when utilized sparingly. is a surface’s physical quality.

different between geometric and organic shape

like shape can be three-dimensional, something you can see and touch,

or it can be suggested, implying that it would have texture if it existed in real life.


The texture is the interwoven pattern of light and dark tones created by the precise repetition of letterforms or shapes in relation to the space around them.

Texture can be created by repeating the same or similar shapes, or they can vary in surface structure. When,

for example, you use letters in the same typestyle that are isolated from each other, they create a two-dimensional texture, on the surface of the page.

On the other hand, the repetition of a decorative border with strong light and dark contrasts may establish a three-dimensional texture, much like a coarse fabric.

textuure to learn web design

Texture gives depth and tactility to design. Objects that would ordinarily be flat can appear smooth, rough, hard, or soft depending on the elements at play.

Textures make wonderful backdrop images for novices and may add a lot of interest to your work. Look closely, and you may find texture in unexpected places, such as damaged letters and smooth glossy symbols.

just be careful not to go overboard too much texture in a single design can quickly, become overwhelming.

6. Understand the basics of creating layouts

Our eyes recognize certain design patterns, allowing us to navigate a website with ease.

We instinctively know where to look because we’ve seen these patterns time and time again as we’ve consumed media.

Knowing design patterns will help you create websites that have a smooth flow to the content and visuals. Z-patterns and F-patterns are two common web layout patterns to be aware of.


The Z-pattern is an efficient way to navigate through a website for layouts that use few words and images and have a lot of negative space.

When you start paying attention to where your eyes go through a design, you’ll notice when a Z-pattern is present almost immediately.


Text-heavy designs, such as those for an online publication or a blog, follow the F-pattern.

You’ll see a list of articles or posts on the left-hand side of the screen and rows of related information in the main body of the page.

This pattern is designed to provide users with all the information they need, even if they are only skimming through it.


How to learn web design?

Follow this 7-step plan:
Learn about typography
Learn the foundations of UX and UI
learn basics of HTML
understanding CSS
Learn the fundamentals of visual design.
6. Understand the basics of creating layouts
Practicing,Practicing, Practicing

How Long Does It Take To Learn the fundamentals of web design?

That is up to you and how serious you are about learning it.
It will take you about a year to get your first clients if you learn as a side hustle, as I did. But if you’re persistent, you can always do it faster, or slower if you’re lazy!

What Is The Average Salary Of A Web Designer?

The national average salary for a Web Designer is $58,517 in the United States. As of 2019, the average salary of a web designer in Canada is about $45,000. But this varies all over the world.


Learning is the only way to achieve your goal, regardless of your position. All you need to know about how to Learn the fundamentals of web design, at home is what you’ve read. Stop wasting time looking for answers on Facebook or Twitter. You can start building your design circle there, but you won’t be able to become a web designer by playing around. Best of luck to you.

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